An Act to enable certain special powers to be conferred upon members of the armed forces in disturbed areas in the State of[Arunachal Pradesh, Assam. The Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, (AFSPA) was preceded by the Armed Forces (Assam and Manipur) Special Powers Ordinance The Ordinance gave the armed forces certain special powers in the 'disturbed areas' of Manipur and Assam. It was replaced by AFSPA on September 11, In simple terms, AFSPA gives armed forces the power to maintain public It became known as the Armed Forces Special Powers Act,
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All About AFSPA (Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, ) | Indian Current Affairs
But, this was meant only for Assam and Manipur, afspa act 1958 there was insurgency by Naga militants.
But after the northeastern states were reorganized inthe creation of new states some of them union territories originally like Manipur, Tripura, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh paved the way for the AFSPA Act to be amended, so that it could be applied afspa act 1958 each of them.
They may contain different sections as applicable to the situation in each state. Prior to that Omar Abdullah had recommended to afspa act 1958 central government that the Act be revoked in three districts-including Srinagar- in Kashmir and three in Jammu.
Its worth note that as per the recommendations of Justice B.
The Ministry of Home Affairs would usually enforce this Act where necessary, afspa act 1958 there have been exceptions where the Centre decided to forego its power and leave the decision to the State governments. The Act came into force in the context of increasing violence in the Northeastern States decades ago, which the State governments found difficult to control.
Which States are, or had come under this Afspa act 1958
She termed the law as "dated and colonial-era law that breach contemporary international human rights standards. It clearly violates International Law. A number of UN treaty bodies have pronounced it to be in violation of Afspa act 1958 Law as well.
What is Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act, and where is it in force? - The Hindu
The use of the AFSPA pushes the demand for more autonomy, giving the afspa act 1958 of the North East more reason to want to secede from a state which enacts such powers and the agitation which ensues continues to justify the use of the AFSPA from the point of view of the Indian Government.
Irom Chanu Sharmila also known as the "Iron Lady of Manipur" or afspa act 1958 "the fair one" is a civil rights activist, political activist, and poet from the Indian state of Manipur. On 2 Novembershe began a hunger strike which ended on 9 August after 16 years.
On 2 Novemberin Malom, a town in the Imphal Valley of Manipur, ten civilians were shot and killed while waiting at a bus stop.
The incident, known as the "Malom Massacre",was allegedly committed by the Assam Rifles, one of the Indian Paramilitary forces operating in the state. Many human rights organizations such as Amnesty International and the Human Rights Watch HRW have condemned human rights abuses in Kashmir by police such as "extra-judicial executions", "disappearances", and torture;  the "Armed Forces Special Powers Act", which "provides impunity for human rights abuses afspa act 1958 fuels cycles of violence.
Indian officials claim that troops need such powers because the army is only deployed when afspa act 1958 security is at serious risk from armed combatants.
- Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act - Wikipedia
- The Armed Forces (Assam & Manipur) Special Powers Act,
- AFSPA explained: How does it work exactly? - Livemint
- AFSPA explained: How does it work exactly?
- The mechanics behind how AFSPA is enforced and taken off is not a simple process
- What is AFSPA, and where is it in force?
What are the special powers given afspa act 1958 army officials? The authorised officer has the power to open fire at any individual even if it results in death if the individual violates laws which afspa act 1958 a the assembly of five or more persons; or b carrying of weapons.
However, the officer has to give a warning before opening fire.