Indira Gandhi was born on November 19, , in Allahabad, India. The lone child of Jawaharlal Nehru, India's first prime minister, she ascended to the position after his death in the mids. Gandhi survived party in-fighting, emerging as a popular leader thanks in part to efforts to revitalize the farming Date‎: ‎October 31‎, ‎ Indira Gandhi née: Nehru; (19 November – 31 October ) was the Born in the politically influential Nehru dynasty, she grew up in an. The only daughter of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru, Indira Gandhi was destined for politics. First appointed prime minister in , she garnered widespread.


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The university later awarded her an honorary degree. InOxford further honoured her by selecting her as one of the ten Oxasians, illustrious Asian graduates from the University of Oxford.

In the s, Indira, now Mrs Indira Gandhi after her marriage, served her father unofficially as biography of indira gandhi personal assistant during his tenure as the first Prime Minister of India.

Indira Gandhi - Wikipedia

In that capacity, she was instrumental in getting the Communist led Kerala State Government dismissed in That government had the distinction of being India's first ever elected Communist Government.

Congress party veteran K. Kamaraj was instrumental in achieving Indira's victory. Congress President Kamaraj orchestrated Mrs. Gandhi's selection as prime biography of indira gandhi because he perceived her to be weak enough that he and the other regional party bosses could control her, and yet strong enough to beat Desai [her political opponent] in a party election because of the high regard for her father…a woman would be an ideal tool for the Biography of indira gandhi.

At the end of this term inshe was such a dominating figure in Indian politics that a Congress party president had coined the phrase "India is Indira and Indira is India.

At the beginning of her first term as prime minister, Indira was widely criticized by the media and the opposition as a "Goongi goodiya" Hindi word for a dumb doll or puppet of the Congress biography of indira gandhi bosses who had got her elected and tried to constrain her.

The Congress Party won a reduced majority for the Lok sabha in these elections owing to widespread disenchantment over biography of indira gandhi prices of commodities, unemployment, economic stagnation and a food crisis.


Indira Gandhi had started on a rocky note after agreeing to a devaluation of the rupeewhich created much hardship for Indian businesses and consumers, and the import of wheat from the United States fell through due to political disputes.

Following the elections, Indira Gandhi gradually started moving towards socialist policies. Inshe fell out with senior Congress party leaders on a number of biography of indira gandhi.


Chief among them was the decision by Indira to support V. Girithe independent candidate rather than the official Congress party candidate Neelam Sanjiva Reddy for the vacant position of President of India.

Indira Gandhi Biography

The other was the announcement by the prime minister of Bank nationalization without consulting the finance minister, Morarji Desai. Biography of indira gandhi steps culminated in Party president S.

Nijalingappa expelling her from the party for indiscipline. The Indira faction, called Congress Rlost its majority in the parliament but remained in power with the support of regional parties such as DMK.

Her leadership, biography of indira gandhi, came under continual challenge from the right wing of the party, led by former minister of finance Morarji Desai.

Indira Gandhi Biography - Childhood, Facts, Life History & Death

She won a seat in the elections to the Lok Sabha lower chamber of the Indian parliamentbut the Congress Party managed to win only a slim majority of seats, and Gandhi had to accept Desai as deputy prime minister. Gandhi, Biography of indira gandhi Gandhi, Library of Congress, Washington, D.

LC-USZ Tensions grew within the party, however, and in she was expelled from it by Desai and other members of the old guard.