Type 2 Diabetes - Causes of Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes is a number of diseases that involve problems with the hormone insulin. While not everyone with type 2 diabetes is overweight, obesity and lack of physical activity are two of the most common causes of this form of diabetes. You are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes if you are not physically active and are overweight or obese. Extra weight sometimes causes insulin resistance. WebMD offers a primer on type 2 diabetes. What causes this chronic condition, how do you know you have it, and what can you do about it?


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Diabetes also increases the risk of other serious vision conditions, such as cataracts and glaucoma.

Understanding Type 2 Diabetes

Nerve damage in the feet or poor blood flow to the feet increases the risk of various foot complications. Left untreated, cuts and blisters can become serious infections, which may heal poorly.

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Severe damage might require toe, foot or leg amputation. Hearing problems are more common in people with diabetes. Diabetes may leave you more susceptible to skin problems, including bacterial and fungal infections.

Type 2 diabetes may increase the risk of Alzheimer's disease. The poorer your blood sugar control, the greater the risk appears causes of type 2 diabetes be.

Type 2 diabetes | What it is and what causes it | Diabetes UK

The exact connection between these two conditions still remains unclear. Prevention Healthy lifestyle choices can help you prevent type 2 diabetes. Even if you have diabetes in your family, diet and exercise can help you prevent the causes of type 2 diabetes. If you've already received a diagnosis of diabetes, you can use healthy lifestyle choices to help prevent complications.

And if you have prediabetes, lifestyle changes can slow or halt the progression from prediabetes to diabetes. Choose foods lower in fat and calories and higher in fiber.

What Causes Type 2 Diabetes? - Diabetes Self-Management

Focus on fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Aim for a minimum of 30 minutes of moderate physical activity a day. Take a brisk daily walk. If you can't fit in a long workout, spread minute or longer sessions throughout the day.

Type 2 Diabetes Causes

If you're overweight, losing 7 percent of your body weight can reduce the risk of diabetes. To keep your weight in a healthy range, focus on permanent changes to your eating and exercise habits.


You may be able to change these factors: Being overweight means that you have more fatty tissue, which makes your cells more resistant to insulin. Causes of type 2 diabetes fat in the abdomen increases your risk more than extra fat in the hips and thighs. Your risk increases if you have a sedentary lifestyle.

Regular exercise uses up glucose and helps your cells respond better to insulin.

Type 2 Diabetes Causes - Genetics and Lifestyle Choices Play a Role

Eating a lot of junk foods or eating too much wreaks havoc on your blood glucose levels. Hemochromatosis causes the body to store too causes of type 2 diabetes iron. If the disease is not treated, iron can build up in and damage the pancreas and other organs.

Hormonal diseases Some hormonal diseases causes of type 2 diabetes the body to produce too much of certain hormones, which sometimes cause insulin resistance and diabetes. Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland produces too much thyroid hormone. Damage to or removal of the pancreas Pancreatitispancreatic cancer, and trauma can all harm the beta cells or make them less able to produce insulin, resulting in diabetes.


Other symptoms include needing to wee a lot, feeling extremely thirsty, cuts and grazes healing slowly, and getting infections like thrush. This means that some people live with Type 2 diabetes for up to 10 years causes of type 2 diabetes being diagnosed.

And, over a long period of time, high glucose levels in your blood can seriously damage your heart, your eyes, your feet and your kidneys.