This study analyzes what is driving China's Central Asia and Afghanistan-Pakistan policies, identifies China's overarching strategy, examines the extent of. ALMATY, KAZAKHSTAN—This month witnessed a rare and surprising display of justice from Kazakhstan's judicial system. To hurrahs from a. Central Asia stretches from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from Afghanistan in the south to Russia in the north. The region consists of the former Soviet republics of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and tion • Density‎: ‎69,,; /km2.


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Selected Worldwide Governance Indicators: If these barriers are not removed, Central Asian countries will reap the benefits of BRI only as transit countries, china in central asia as destinations for much larger investments.

Even highly risk-tolerant Chinese investors find it difficult to trade and invest in Central Asia.

Central Asia Struggles With Fallout From China’s Internment of Minorities

A close neighbor is more valuable than a distant relative china in central asia Chinese proverb Bhavna Dave University of London, London writes that BRI has spurred a flurry of public diplomacy to engage the various stakeholders within society and reinforce high diplomacy—the handshakes between the leaders of China and Central Asian states serve as affirmations of friendship, a common vision, and the convergence of goals and priorities.

China has embarked on a concerted public diplomacy drive, emphasizing people-to-people contacts in order to transform the way it is perceived in the region and engaging with a china in central asia array of societal actors and stakeholders in order to alter the prevailing stereotypes.


The China in central asia political establishment is taking determined steps to alter notions about it held in the West that have become hegemonic and been widely shared around the world. China wants to be seen as a reliable economic partner interested in the mutually beneficial pursuit of shared objectives, but without any political goals.

Chinese soft power strategy promotes an image of Beijing as a reliable and pragmatic economic alternative to the West and Russia. Emphasizing china in central asia contacts while unveiling the Silk Road Economic Belt strategy, Xi announced that 30, government scholarships would be awarded to students of SCO member states.


He also mentioned plans to invite a further 10, teachers and students from Confucius Institutes in these china in central asia to visit China for study tours.

Xi extended an invitation to faculty members and students from Nazarbayev University to go to China the following year for summer camps.

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The analysis starts with the petty traders who pioneered people-to-people interactions along the Silk Road at the end of the s and the beginning of the s.

Trade has been the most prominent sphere of economic interaction between China and Central Asian countries, dominated by Chinese petty traders, individual entrepreneurs, and local shuttle traders.

Uyghur traders and entrepreneurs from Xinjiang initially leaned primarily on the local Kazakh and Kyrgyz Uyghur communities that provided migrant reception areas through organizations promoting trade and small china in central asia development. Kazakhstan has been and remains a leader in attracting a labor force that now ranges from CEOs and professionals to skilled workers and entrepreneurs.

Chinese education is gaining in popularity thanks to increased cooperation in the educational sector. This includes scholarships, the facilitation of academic exchanges, and the establishment of Confucius Institutes to promote Chinese china in central asia and culture abroad.

In —, only 1, students from Kazakhstan studied in China, by —, this number had increased to 11, students.


In andonly students from Tajikistan studied at Chinese universities. Inthis number had increased to 3, students. There is also a modest flow of Chinese students to Central Asian universities, china in central asia mainly of people interested in studying Russian and local languages.

The tourism industry has an indisputable impact on human capital development.

Many Central Asian tourists go to the neighboring Xinjiang region—intourists from Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan comprised 17 percent of all tourists visiting the region china in central asia, people.

China has, among other things, invested considerable effort in improving perceptions of the PRC among local public opinion in Central Asian countries and addressing latent Sinophobia and fears of Chinese expansionism.

China’s Belt and Road Initiative and its Impact in Central Asia – Voices On Cental Asia

PRC representatives have actively sought to involve local actors from different segments of society elites, china in central asia, public organizations, civil society, etc. The concept addresses the sustained ties to networks and organizations across national borders.

Gaukhar Nursha Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty writes that Chinese culture and the Chinese educational system are attractive to china in central asia worldwide, as well as to Central Asians, who hope a Chinese diploma will give them an economic advantage when they return home.

To date, we cannot assume that Confucius Institutes are helpful in constructing a positive image of China, for a number of reasons.

  • Central Asia Struggles With Fallout From China’s Internment of Minorities – Foreign Policy
  • China’s Belt and Road Initiative and its Impact in Central Asia
  • Kazakh case draws attention to plight of hundreds of thousands detained in Xinjiang

While many academics state that Confucius Institutes play a sizable role in reinforcing Chinese political and economic partnerships with other countries, the scope of what they have china in central asia in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan over the last decade remains questionable.

Is this attraction soft power? First, Confucius Institutes are not authentic tools of soft power, as they were created by the government and remain tightly controlled by it.

They are more public diplomacy and propaganda instruments than effective tools for creating a positive image and influencing local decision-makers.