Pages from De humana physiognomonia libri ttista della Porta (–), by Giovanni Battista Della Porta, an Italian scholar, polymath and. Giambattista della Porta (? – 4 February ), also known as Giovanni Battista Della In della Porta published a work on physiognomy, De humana physiognomonia libri IIII . This influenced the Swiss eighteenth-century. Date, Source, Giambattista della Porta De humana physiognomonia libri IIII, pp. Retrieved from: Historical Anatomies on the.


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Due to severe difficulties with ecclesiastical de humana physiognomonia the Roman Holy Office had begun legal proceedings against Porta in the early she remained under life-long surveillance by the inquisition Valente Early in his life, Porta apparently founded an academy of secrets dedicated to the study of natural phenomena.

The Magia Naturalis is, unsurprisingly, dedicated to this important patron. De humana physiognomonia presented Philip II with another book on ciphers De furtivis litterarum notis vulgo de ziferis libri IVfollowed by L'arte del ricordarea treatise on the art of memory a Latin version appeared in under the title Ars reminsicendi.

  • Giambattista della Porta (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
  • Giambattista della Porta

In and during the following years, Porta was repeatedly invited to Rome by Cardinal Luigi D'Este —ostensibly to pursue his research into the secrets of nature, but perhaps more importantly to enjoy some protection in his household during his trial before the inquisition.

In the following two years he published two treaties on agriculture PomariumOlivetum and his richly illustrated Humana physiognomia In Porta was probably again summoned before the Neapolitan Inquisition, perhaps together with Luigi Tansillo —an influential poet and a close acquaintance de humana physiognomonia Giordano De humana physiognomonia — Porta was instructed to abstain from publishing on divinatory and magical arts and write comedies instead.

Wellcome Library | De humana physiognomonia libri IIII

That same year Porta returned to Rome under the protection of Cardinal D'Este, who died a couple of years later. InPorta met Tommaso Campanella — ; in the next year he published the tragicommedia Penelope, followed in by the comedy Fantesca as well as Villae, an extensive de humana physiognomonia of his travels through Europe.

The Venetian Inquisition prohibited the publication of the Italian version of the Human Physiognomony. The ban was reinforced inwhen De refractione, a treatise on optics, came out. In Trappolaria—another comedy—was printed. For the following three years Porta seems de humana physiognomonia have kept a deliberately low profile; his tragicomedies Fratelli rivali and Cintia came out only in Porta then had the Latin version of his treatise on the art of memory printed, as well as Penumaticorum libri tres on the vacuum and how to lift up liquids and Curvilinearum elementorum libri duo on opticstwo treatises that reappeared in enlarged versions as I tre libri spiritali and Elementorum curvilineorum libri tres De humana physiognomonia Porta outlined a naturalized form of divinatory astrology and physiognomics in the Coelestis physiognomonia.

De humana physiognomonia libri IIII

Federico Cesi — de humana physiognomonia, a young Roman nobleman with a passion for natural philosophy who founded the famous Academia dei Lincei, visited Porta in Sorella was published in the same year. Between and the comedies Astrologo, Turca, Carnbonaria de humana physiognomonia Moro were published.

De munitione, a treatise on military fortifications and on firearms, came out in ; in the following year two comedies Furiosa and Chiappinaria were published. In Porta opened the academy of the Otiosi, an institution dedicated to letters and to science; some of his plays may have been staged there.

These endeavours resulted in the draft for his last and largely unfinished work on more or less natural magic, the Criptologia and the Thaumatologia, which was to be dedicated to Rudolf II.

Needless to say, it was never to obtain an imprimatur by the ecclesiastical authorities. The tragedy Gregorio de humana physiognomonia, in the following year, the comedy Tabernaria were de humana physiognomonia in Porta was de humana physiognomonia by the Lincei with a medal cast by Francesco Stelluti — Another comedy, Fratelli simili, and the tragedy Ulisse were published in In February Porta died in the house of his daughter Cinzia: Porta developed this secular approach to magic in the face of ecclesiastical prosecution, for it seems that he was condemned for exercising ceremonial magic Zambelli The magus must be talented, rich, educated, and hard-working; magic is the most noble part of philosophy for Porta Magia Here, the attractive power a magnet exercises on iron is taken as a paradigm: