Eliphas Lévi is one of the most important figures in magical theory and practice during the nineteenth century metaphysical literary renaissance. He probably. Éliphas Lévi Zahed, born Alphonse Louis Constant (February 8, – May 31, ), was a French occult author and ceremonial magician. "Éliphas Lévi", the Life and work until · Life and work after · Definition of magic. Eliphas Levi's Baphomet of Mendes is a popular 19th-century occult image still used by a variety of occult traditions today. Explore it's meaning.
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Contemporaries saw in him the most notorious "disciple" of Lamennais, although eliphas levi two men do not seem to have established a personal contact. Like many socialists, he propagated eliphas levi as "true Christianity" and denounced the Churches as corruptors of the teachings of Christ.
Éliphas Lévi - Wikipedia
In the course of the s, Constant developed close ties to the Fourierist movement, publishing in Fourierist publications and praising Fourierism as the "true Christianity".
He also turned to the writings of the Catholic traditionalist Joseph de Maistrewhose writings were highly popular in socialist circles.
Inhe was the leader of an especially eliphas levi Montagnard club known for its radicalism. Although it has been claimed that the Testament marked the end of Constant's socialist ambitions,  it has been argued that its content is in fact highly euphoric, announcing the end of the people's martyrdom and the "resurrection" of Liberty: As his friend Esquiros recounted, their belief in the peaceful realization eliphas levi a harmonious universal had been shattered.
Similar to many other socialists at the time, Constant saw the emperor as the defender of the people and the restorer of public order.
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In the Moniteur parisien ofEliphas levi praised the new government's actions as "veritably socialist," but he soon became disillusioned with the rigid dictatorship and was eventually imprisoned in for publishing a polemical chanson against the Emperor.
What eliphas levi changed, however, was Constant's attitude towards "the people.
After the disaster ofhe was completely convinced that the "masses" were not able to establish a eliphas levi order and needed instruction a concept similar to other socialist doctrines such as the "revolution from above", the Avantgarde, or the Partei neuen Typs.
The short answer is that these were standard notions among July Monarchy socialists. The Saint-Simonians, the Fourierists, and a heterogeneous flock of others eliphas levi pretty much that.
Eliphas Levi - Wikiquote
What was the dictatorship of the proletariat supposed to do? Think about the Leninist avant-garde. For young eliphas levi who were socialised pun intended in the s and s, the ideas of a Lamennais, Fourier, Saint-Simon were part of the same movement.
This was often facilitated by Romantic writers such as George Sand, a chief influence eliphas levi young Constant.
A prime example is his reverence for the ultra-Catholic traditionalist Joseph de Maistre. It is the very same elements that later observers regarded as the most radical breaks in his thought that eliphas levi find in his earliest writings!
If you know that context, then there is no need to reconcile socialist eliphas levi, Catholic faith, and absolutist ideas. They were part of the same ideology. From Dogme et rituel de la haute magie, via Internet Archive. Did he see them as paragons of the ideal hierarch-occultist?
He changed his public attitude eliphas levi it repeatedly, depending on his precarious situation. Accordingly, the Jesuits were either praised by him or viciously denounced.
In his later writings, you can even find diametrically opposed statements about them within the same book. He developed the narrative of a chain of initiates or hierophants who carry that knowledge through the ages from his earliest radical writing in onward.
You find it almost fully developed in Sometimes the Jesuits were part of that tradition, sometimes not. Baphoment as he appears in Dogme et rituel de la haute magie. Did they take an interest in his work?
His private life is a story of tragedy, which appears to have mainly resulted from his personal shortcomings. One of those was a habit to produce children with women which whom he claimed to have platonic relationships. According to Paul Chacornac, there was a late reconciliation with his eliphas levi.