English Translation of “tifoide” | The official Collins Portuguese-English Dictionary online. tifoide. [tʃiˈɔidʒi]. adjective. febre tifoide typhoid (fever). Jump to navigation Jump to search. Portuguese. Noun. febre tifoide f (uncountable). (pathology) typhoid fever (illness). Retrieved from. Search. Edit; Watch this page. febre tifoide. PortugueseEdit. NounEdit · febre tifoide f (uncountable). (pathology) typhoid fever (illness). Retrieved from.
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Inshe became the first carrier in the United States to be identified and traced.
Febre tifóide - English translation – Linguee
She was a cook in New York who was closely associated with 53 cases and three deaths. Mary quit her job, but returned later under a false name. She was febre tifoide and quarantined after another typhoid outbreak.
She died of pneumonia after 26 years in quarantine. Development of vaccination[ edit ] During the course of treatment of a typhoid outbreak febre tifoide a local village inEnglish country doctor Febre tifoide Budd realised the "poisons" involved in infectious diseases multiplied in the intestines of the sick, were present in their excretions, and could be transmitted to the healthy through their consumption of contaminated water.
Almroth Edward Wright developed the first effective typhoid vaccine. InKarl Joseph Eberth described a bacillus that he suspected was the cause of typhoid.
Today, the febre tifoide that causes typhoid fever goes by the scientific name Salmonella enterica entericaserovar Febre tifoide.
Wright further developed his vaccine at a newly opened research department at St Febre tifoide Hospital Medical School in London fromwhere he established a method for measuring protective substances opsonin in human blood.
Citing the example of the Second Boer Warduring which many soldiers died from easily preventable diseases, Wright convinced the British Army that 10 million febre tifoide doses should be produced for the troops being sent to the Western Frontfebre tifoide saving up to half a million lives during World War I.
For the first time, their casualties due to combat exceeded those from disease. Russella U. Army physician, adopted Wright's typhoid vaccine for use with the US Armyand two years later, his vaccination program became the first in which an entire febre tifoide was immunized.
It eliminated febre tifoide as a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the U. Most developed countries saw declining febre tifoide of typhoid fever throughout the first half of the 20th century due to vaccinations and advances in public sanitation and hygiene.
Inthe chlorination of public drinking water was a significant step in the US in the control of typhoid fever.
- Typhoid Fever | Disease Directory | Travelers' Health | CDC
- Febre tifoide - Wiktionary
- Typhoid fever - Wikipedia
- Typhoid Fever
- "febre tifóide" English translation
The first permanent disinfection of drinking water in the U. Credit for the decision to build the febre tifoide system has been given to John L.
Febre tifóide - English translation - Portuguese-English dictionary
Today, the incidence of typhoid fever in developed countries is around five cases per million people per year. A notable outbreak occurred in AberdeenScotlandin This was due to contaminated tinned meat sold at the city's branch of the William Low chain of stores.
Typhoid fever is common in most parts of the world except in industrialized regions such as the United States, Canada, western Europe, Febre tifoide, and Japan, so travelers to the developing world should consider taking precautions.
Travelers to Asia, Africa, and Latin America febre tifoide especially at risk, and the highest risk for typhoid is in south Asia.
About people get typhoid fever in the United States each year, and most of these people have recently traveled. About febre tifoide million cases of typhoid fever andrelated deaths occur worldwide each year.
What can travelers do to prevent typhoid fever? Get vaccinated for typhoid: Ask your febre tifoide or nurse about a typhoid vaccine.