Mukarovsky – “the function of poetic language consists in the maximum of foregrounding of the utterance” – “foregrounding” opposite of. Foregrounding theory generally assumes that poetic language deviates from norms characterizing the ordinary use of language (e.g. at the. POETIC DISCOURSE: FOREGROUNDING, DEVIATION AND PARALLELISM a. Linguistic deviation: If a part of a text is regarded as deviant.


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It is commonly used in poetry as a means to deviate from normal speech patterns and bring attention from the typical everyday subject being addressed, drawing attention instead to the use of language, metaphors and alliteration. Foregrounding is a significant literary stylistic device based on the Russian Formalist's notion that the foregrounding in poetry essence of poeticality lies in the "deformation" of language.

The Prague scholar Jan Mukarovsky shaped the notion of foregrounding into a foregrounding in poetry literary concept.

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The most common means employed by the writers is repetition. Our attention is immediately captivated by the repetition of the sounds of certain words or by the words themselves and we begin to analyse the reasons why the writer is repeating this particular sound or word.

In the tongue twister, "she sells sea shells on the sea shore" it is plain that 's' and 'sh' are foregrounded for their euphonic effect. According to formalist critics, foregrounding is a stylistic device that draws attention to itself foregrounding in poetry way of its defamiliarization from everyday speech.

It is the practice of making something foregrounding in poetry out from the surrounding words or images. It refers to the range of stylistic effects that occur in literature, whether at the phonetic level e.

In literary texts, on the other hand, foregrounding is structured: In other cases e.

What is foregrounding? What are the devices used to foreground in poetry? - Quora

The present analysis ignores the difference in syntactic category between nouns e. Consider, now, the indirect oxymoron, illustrated by examples such as whistling silence, watery dryness and sunny coldness.

  • Foregrounding - Wikipedia

In order to foregrounding in poetry in a more precise way the indirect antonymy relation in those cases, we should consider another type of sense relation foregrounding in poetry hyponymy: For example, whistle is a hyponym or type of sound, water is the hyponym of wet since water is a member in the set of wet entitiessun is the hyponym of hot sun is a member in the set of hot entities.

Given the sense relation of hyponymy, we may define the indirect oxymoron as follows: Several field studies investigated this question. They were basically modelled after those reported for similes.


There were three major corpora from which the oxymora were excerpted: The Hebrew corpus included about oxymora from the writings of 10 major poets belonging to two distinct major eras in modern Hebrew poetry, namely the revival era roughly, the early 19th century represented by poets such as Chaim Nachman Byalik, David Fogel and Yaakov Steinberg; and the modernist era roughly the s and srepresented by poets such as Foregrounding in poetry Alterman and Alexander Pen.

As in the simile case, these two eras are considered by most historians of Hebrew poetry to differ radically foregrounding in poetry one another in their poetic characteristics.


The modern Russian corpus included foregrounding in poetry oxymora excerpted from several distinct periods in the history of the 19th and 20th centuries. There is great diversity among these periods, not only because they represent different historical periods, but also because they represent different poetic schools.

Some of the poets foregrounding in poetry the influence of romantic poetry e. Lermontov or neoclassical poetry Batiushkov and Baratinskywhile others reflect symbolism in Russian poetry e.