Can objective scoring methods be used to interpret the human figure drawings Koppitz gave her human figure drawing test to two groups of children, a group. Basic guidelines for interpreting human figure drawings . for drawing, and common interpretations of elements in a drawing. .. Psychological testing (3rd ed.). HFD test requires the subject to draw a human figure. The results are based on a psychodynamic interpretation of the details of the drawing, such as the size.
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The test was later revised by Harris in as the Goodenough Harris Drawing Test GHDTwhich included a detailed scoring system and allowed for drawings of men, women, and the self. The scoring system hfd test interpretation reflected the way in which the child is maturing cognitively. The GHTD is appropriate for children between the ages of three and 17, although it has been found to be most useful for children between three and The Draw-A-Person test DAP was developed by Machover in and used figure drawings in a more projective way, focusing hfd test interpretation how the drawings reflected the anxieties, impulses, self-esteem, and personality of the test taker.
In this test, children are first asked to draw a picture of a person. Then, they are asked to draw a picture of a person of the sex opposite of hfd test interpretation first drawing.
Then, they are asked a series of questions about themselves and the drawings. These questions can be about the mood, the ambitions, and the good and bad qualities of the people in the drawings. The pictures and the questions on the DAP are hfd test interpretation to elicit information about the child's anxieties, impulses, and overall personality.
Drawing a Close to the Use of Human Figure Drawings as a Projective Measure of Intelligence
The DAP is the most frequently used figure drawing test today. A scoring system appropriate for adults was developed in by Mitchel, Trent, and McArthur.
InNaglieri and hfd test interpretation colleagues created a more specific scoring system for figure drawing tests called the Draw-A-Person: SPEDbased on a large standardization sample. This scoring method includes 55 items rated by the test administrator and based on the child's drawings and responses to questions.
SPED is appropriate for children aged six to It is often used as a screening method hfd test interpretation children who may be having difficulties with regard to social adjustment and require further evaluation.
The House-Tree-Person HTP testcreated by Buck inprovides a hfd test interpretation of a self-perception and attitudes by requiring the test taker to draw a house, a tree, and a person.
The picture of the house is supposed to conjure the child's feelings toward his or her family.
For example, the DAP: IQ has a high level of internal hfd test interpretation with Cronbach's alpha coefficients ranging between 0. The inter-rater reliability and intra-rater reliability coefficients for the DAP: IQ are also high, ranging between 0.
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Additionally, the test-retest reliability coefficient of the DAP: IQ is reported to be 0. In hfd test interpretation, HFD tests have also been found to yield modest correlations with other measures of intelligence.
For example, in the DAP: Reynolds and Hickman  also calculated correlations between DAP: