Velayat-e faqih (Persian: ولایت فقیه, velāyat-e faqīh), also known as Islamic Government (Persian: حکومت اسلامی, Hokumat-i Eslami), is a book by the Iranian Muslim cleric, faqīh, and revolutionary Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, first published in , and probably the most influential document written in modern times History · Contents · Influences · Criticism. The Guardianship of the Islamic Jurist, also called the Governance of the Jurist is a . Earlier, Khomeini had expanded on it in his book Islamic Government: Absolute Velayat-e faqih was probably first introduced in the Fiqh of Jafari in the. From the Arabic term for "the authority, or governance, of the jurist," the doctrine of velayat-e faqih was associated particularly with Iran's Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini. Khomeini's arguments in the lectures are both scriptural and rational, traditional and revolutionary.
|Published:||19 March 2017|
|PDF File Size:||16.67 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||25.44 Mb|
If the administration of the country calls for taxes, Islam has made the necessary provision; and if laws are needed, Islam has established them all.
Everything is ready and waiting. No sacred texts of Shia Islam specifically state that jurists should rule Muslims. Traditionally Shia Islam follows a crucial hadith where the Prophet Muhammad passes on his power to command Muslims to his cousin Ali ibn Abi Talibthe first of twelve "Imams" descended in a line that stopped with the occultation of the last Imam, Muhammad al-Mahdiin and who is not expected back until end times, see: Muhammad al-Mahdi Birth and early life according to Twelver Shi'a.
Shia jurists have tended to stick to one of three approaches to the state: An example is his analysis of a saying attributed to the first Imam, 'Ali who in addressing a judge said: The seat you are occupying is filled by someone who khomeini velayat e faqih a prophet, the legatee of a prophet, khomeini velayat e faqih else a sinful wretch.
Imam Khomeini & Concept of Velayat-e Faqih, Role Model of Islamic Leadership - Pars Today
The level of importance accorded khomeini velayat e faqih of jurists and obedience to them by Khomeini in Waliyat al-faqih is as high as any religious duty a Muslim has. What is Islamic Government? Those holding government posts should have knowledge of Sharia Islamic jurists are such peopleand the country's ruler should be a faqih [Note 3] who "surpasses all others in knowledge" of Islamic law and justice p.
Also it is explained that only those jurists are entitled to rule who are characters like upright, pious and committed experts on Islam. Also those who are informed of the demands of the Times and known as God-fearing, brave and qualified for leadership.
Also khomeini velayat e faqih must hold the religious office of source of imitation and be permitted to deliver independent judgments on general principles fatwas.
Islamic Government: Governance of the Jurist - Wikipedia
Likewise Article 5 expresses khomeini velayat e faqih an individual jurist who is endowed with all necessary qualities or a council of jurist, has the right to rule in Islamic republic as long as the twelfth imam of shia remains in occultation.
According to article 57, the jurist has supervision over three other branches.
According to article this supervisory are as follow: Jurist appoints the jurists to the khomeini velayat e faqih council He appoints the highest judicial authority in the country he holds supreme command over the armed forces by exercising some functions He signs the certificate of appointment of the president in the national interest, He could dismiss the president on the recommendation of the supreme courts, he grants amnesty These powers belongs to the supreme leader as a Vali-e-faqih.
Also, in another article states that the powers of government in the Islamic Republic of Iran are vested in the legislature, the judiciary, and the executive powers, functioning under the supervision of the Absolute Guardianship and the Leadership of the Ummah Persian: On the basis of this jurists have judged and take Khoms.
Nevertheless, khomeini velayat e faqih extensive "guardianship" was given to clerics.
Iranian Constitution of Ayatullah Khomeini in gave a series of lectures that became a book Hokumat-e Islami: Valiyat-e faqih Islamic Government arguing that monarchy was "unIslamic".
In a khomeini velayat e faqih Islamic state those holding government posts should have knowledge of Sharia, p.
This theory was khomeini velayat e faqih into action as part of Iran's Islamic Revolution. Nonetheless, although by the autumn of a clear majority of Iranians had come to favor the institution of an Islamic government under the leadership of Khomeini, it cannot be said that velayat-e faqih was a prominent slogan of the Iranian Revolution.
Khomeini himself made no mention of it in the proclamations he issued during the revolution. Not until the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran was elaborated by the Assembly of Experts that convened in the fall of did velayat-e faqih emerge as the pillar of the new order. It was enshrined in the preamble to the constitution in Article Five "During the Occultation of the Lord of the Age [that is, the Hidden Imam], the governance and leadership of the nation devolve upon the pious and just jurist who is acquainted with the circumstances of his age; khomeini velayat e faqih, resourceful, and possessed of administrative ability; and recognized and accepted as leader by the majority of the people" ; and in Articles towhich specify the procedure for selecting the leader and list his constitutional functions.
Guardianship of the Islamic Jurist - Wikipedia
Khomeini's own view was that these provisions did not do justice to velayat-e faqih, and in February he propounded the theory of velayat-e motlaqaye faqih "the absolute authority of the jurist".
It was his firm resolve that saw the power of khomeini velayat e faqih people emerge victorious in the face of a armed-to-the-teeth regime that was supported by the domineering powers.
His wisdom, insight, piety, courage, and firm resolve, attracted people towards him, and enabled him to establish the Islamic Republic in Iran.
The unprecedented welcome by millions of Iranians to him on his return home from 15 years of exile is prove of his charisma that within ten days of his arrival resulted in the khomeini velayat e faqih of the Islamic Revolution.