The new introduction to “The Coming of Post-Industrial Society”, first published in , includes a footnote attacking those who thought that. [T]he phrase 'post-industrial society' is now used widely [to describe] the extraordinary range of changes that run through the social structure of the emerging. The idea of 'post-industrial society' and a constellation of related terms, such as 'service society', 'knowledge society' and 'information society', achieved a.
|Author:||Miss Cale Shanahan|
|Published:||10 October 2014|
|PDF File Size:||20.62 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||49.79 Mb|
|Uploader:||Miss Cale Shanahan|
Over the course of the last 25 years of the 20th century, he writes in the foreword to the new edition of his Post-Industrial Society, the following major changes occurred in the United States: Post industrial society manufacturing to services: The most striking change in the character of work is the extraordinary rise of professional and technical employment and the relative decline of skilled and semi-skilled workers … 3.
Post industrial society, although a postmodern sociology may be difficult to establish, a sociology of postmodernism that examines postmodern society, and draws from postmodern theory, is possible.
Post-industrial society - Wikipedia
Attempts to characterize postmodern society reflect the contributions of postmodern theory, as well as more conventional sociological approaches.
From postmodern theory comes post industrial society view of postmodern society as a technologically sophisticated high-speed society, with access to vast amounts of information, and fascinated by consumer goods and media images.
Mass consumption of goods and information is seen as facilitating a post industrial society of hierarchies of taste, and development of an explicit populism.
Technology and speed blur lines separating reality from simulation, as television, videos, movies, advertising, and computer models provide simulations of reality more real than real.
People may realize this hyperreality is simulation, yet post industrial society fascinated by it, and come to make it part of their lives, thus transforming much of reality into simulation Baudrillard Under such conditions history comes to have little meaning, and the fast-paced present becomes increasingly important.
People may attempt to come to grips with such a world, but the world comes to undermine major assumptions, or grand narratives, of rationality and progress, thus generating a sense of exhaustion Lyotard An acute sense of self-consciousness and unease may develop, as "the current age stumbles upon the very transvaluation of Western values and vocabularies that Nietche urged more than a century ago" Bakerpost industrial society.
Views of postmodern society from more conventional social science frameworks echo some of these themes. For example, both Daniel Bell and Christopher Lasch point to the development of cultural themes in postindustrial society emphasizing consumption and personal gratification at the expense of themes emphasizing self-restraint, work, commitment, and a sense of historical connection and continuity.
In a Marxist analysis, Fredric Jameson points to the loss of a sense of historical connection in the consumer-oriented world of late capitalism.
One productive approach to postmodern society starts from the assumption that a central process defining modern society is differentiation.
Thus, the type of society coming after modern society is viewed as reversing this process. The process of de-differentiation is illustrated in the cultural arena in the conflation of high and popular culture noted above, as well as the general deconstruction project of postmodernist theory see also Lash Within the economic arena de-differentiation appears in the reversal of the processes of bureaucratization and the division of labor characteristic of the assembly line Clegg Such trends have been viewed as part of the changing character of production in the world economy since post industrial society, and have been examined under such terms as the second industrial divide Piore and Sableor the emergence of disorganized capitalism Lash and Urry The changes frequently include a shift to smaller organizations or subunits of organizations, a less formalized and more flexible division of labor, increased variation in the character of products, more decentralized managerial structures, post industrial society the use of computers.
Such organizations are engaged in services, information processing, or production using computer controlled flexible production techniques Burris ; Heyderbrand post industrial society Clegg The postbureaucratic character of these organizations is made possible by computers that do routine tasks, as well as by the need to respond flexibly to diverse clientele and markets, and the sophisticated capabilities of employees that operate complex manufacturing equipment and provide professional services.
Although postmodern production techniques and organizations are becoming more prominent and important in advanced industrial societies, they may express themselves in different ways and do not eclipse other forms of production and organization. Low-skilled tasks in manufacturing and services will post industrial society compose a substantial segment of the workforce far into the future, creating the possibility of increased variation in skill and income in postmodern society.
Also, postmodern organizations can vary substantially among themselves. For post industrial society, Clegg argues that Japan and Post industrial society stand as alternative expressions of postmodernist futures.
Sweden provides the more optimistic democratic scenario with fairly broad representational rights of workers in organizations.
Japan represents a less optimistic view with an enclave of privileged workers formed on exclusive principles of social identity, such as gender, ethnicity, and age.
Giddens acknowledges current trends of complexity and widespread change accompanied by lack of a clear sense of progress, and would also likely admit to trends of de-differentiation in some organizations.
However, Giddens does not see this as constituting postmodernity. Instead he refers to such trends as characterizing radically modern societies, for these societies represent the logical extension of three essential characteristics of modernity. The first characteristic is an increase in post industrial society, as the major processes of industrialization, class formation, and rationalization post industrial society apace and shape one another.
The second key element of modernity is the separation of much of what humans experience as social reality from concrete instances of time and space.