A Kelvin bridge, also called a Kelvin double bridge and in some countries a Thomson bridge, is a measuring instrument used to measure unknown electrical. LABORATORIO DE FISICA II PUENTE DE WHEATSTONE PUENTE DE WHEATSTONE OBSERVACIONES DOCENTE: GALARZA ESPINOZA. Un pont de Wheatstone és un instrument elèctric de mesura inventat per Samuel Hunter Christie el , millorat i popularitzat per Sir Charles Wheatstone a.


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Pont de Wheatstone - Viquipèdia, l'enciclopèdia lliure

Three of these resistors have known values, one of which is variable, or adjustable. The value of the fourth resistor is not known. By studying and manipulating the paths the current can take through the Wheatstone bridge grid, that fourth, unknown resistance can be identified.

The current in puente de wheatstone tutorial flows as always from positive to negative through the circuit; its direction is depicted by the black arrows. Resistance is puente de wheatstone in a unit called an ohm.

PUENTE DE WHEATSTONE by Antonio Alfaro Victorio on Prezi

Notice that when this applet puente de wheatstone, the resistance at R1 is 1 K ohm denoted by the horsehoe-like symbolwhile at Puente de wheatstone it is 5 K ohm. After the diverging currents pass through their respective resistors R1 or R2each reaches another fork in the road.

At this point, if the bridge is not balanced which is the case when the tutorial openssome or all of the current from either the R1 or R2 path will diverge down this middle path that bisects the square created by the circuit.

The Ammeter positioned on this middle path measures the current flowing through puente de wheatstone. The direction of this current is determined by the value of the Variable Resistor R3 and is reflected in the position of the ammeter needle to the right or the left puente de wheatstone the zero value.

This is where the variable resistor known as the rheostat of the bridge comes into play.

It can be adjusted until no current flows down the middle path. When that is achieved, the ammeter reads zero and the bridge is balanced.


As shown above, if the ratio is exactly the same, the error caused by the parasitic resistance Rpar is completely eliminated. In a practical bridge, the aim is to make this ratio as close as possible, but puente de wheatstone is not possible to make it exactly the same.

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If the difference in ratio is small enough, then the last term of the balance equation above becomes small enough that puente de wheatstone is negligible. Measurement accuracy is also increased by setting the current flowing through Rs and Rx to be as large as the puente de wheatstone of those resistors allows.

One such type is illustrated above. Laboratory bridges are usually constructed with high accuracy variable resistors in the two potential arms of the bridge and achieve accuracies suitable for calibrating standard resistors.

Wheatstone bridge - Wikipedia

In such an application, the 'standard' resistor Rs will puente de wheatstone reality be a sub-standard type that is a resistor having an accuracy some 10 times better than the required accuracy of the standard resistor being calibrated.

For such use, the error introduced puente de wheatstone the mis-match of the ratio in the two potential arms would mean that the presence of the parasitic resistance Rpar could have puente de wheatstone significant impact on the very high accuracy required. To minimise this problem, the current connections to the standard resistor Rx ; the sub-standard resistor Rs and the connection between them Rpar are designed to have as low a resistance as possible, and the connections both in the resistors and the bridge more resemble bus bars rather than wire.

Some ohmmeters include Kelvin bridges in order to obtain large measurement ranges.